570- Muhammad is born
610- Muhammad’s first vision in cave
622- Hijira: Muhammad and believers flee to Medina.
624~630- Muslim conflicts with Mecca.
632- Muhammad died. Abu Bakr chosen as caliph, or leader.
633- Muslim conquests begin.
650- Caliph Uthman writes down the Qur’an.
656- Uthman is murdered, Ali is new caliph.
661- Ali is murdered, Mu'awiya becomes caliph. Umayyad Caliphate (661-750) begins.
680- Death of Husayn, results in beginning of Shi’at All (Party of All) or Shi’a sect.
732- Muslim empire reaches furthest extent. Battle of Tours eliminates ability to move north past Spain.
969- Fatimids rule Egypt, attack Palestine, Syria, and Arabia. Cairo is founded as “the victorious city.”
late 900s- West Africa converts to Islam.
1000s- Reconquista, or reconquest, takes more of Spain territory.
1171- Fatimid power stops in Egypt with conquests of Saladin.
1281~1324- Muslims missionary Sufis settle in Southeast Asia.
1400s- Islam reaches Philippines.
1453- Mehmet Fatih (1451-1481) conquered Constantinople.
1912- Founding of Islamic Union.
1945~1960s- Islam spreads West, migrations occur from Asia, Africa, India.
1947- Pakistan is officially an Islam nation.
1951- Independent Malaysian state is officially Islamic.
2001- Muslim attacks in United States.